This guide is a brief introduction to copyright relevant to students, researchers and lecturers. It introduces the basic concepts of copyright, including Copyright Law, Creative Commons licensing and Fair Dealing. It will also provide some quick guidelines on how to avoid infringing copyright law.
Copyright is important because information has a value in many different forms including monetary and educational value. Copyright helps to protect that value by giving owners of a work the ability to protect their interests in the work. This means preventing significant copying of their work to the degree where they cannot sell it effectively. In this way copyright encourages creativity, as it provides an incentive to creators to allow them to gain rewards and recognition for their works.
DkIT library subscribes to a range of electronic resources and copying restrictions which are governed by licenses.
In most cases staff and students can:
Search and retrieve items
Print and download for personal use
They do not allow :
Downloading a significant part of a database or the entire contents of a publication e.g. a full journal.
Multiple copying of single items
Removing any marking or copyright statement from copies made.
Using them for commercial purposes.
The 2019 act has updated the provisions of the educational exceptions to include:
That as long as a sufficient acknowledgement is given copies can be made of works available through the internet.
The Copyright and Other Intellectual Property Law Provisions Act 2019, enacted in June 2019, replaces the older Copyright & Related Rights Act, 2000 and its amendments. Students and teachers should familiarize themselves with these laws.
Copyright refers to the legal rights given to the originator of the created material. For example an artist has this right over their painting, to print, publish, reproduce, film etc. this material over a period of years, though they may give this right to others at their discretion or allow others to reuse it when they ask for the owners permission.
Remember however, that most journals ask you to hand the copyright of your writing over to them. This is important to take this into account if you later wish to deposit the article in an Institutional Repository. Consult the publisher website for more information.
An author who publishes via an open access route will usually retain copyright.
Though it focuses mainly on the US context this video gives a concise introduction to the concept of copyright.
There are a few exceptions to full copyright however, one of these being Creative Commons. Creative Commons refers to a set of licenses that allows authors of papers and other works decide exactly how people may use their work and for what purpose. It essentially means that they can decide to what use their works can be made. There are six different licenses that are available that are made up of Attribution, that the author of the work should have their name recognised and attached to it, non-derivatives, whether or not the original can be changed, non-commercial, can they make money off using the item, and share alike that all work taken from the original must have the same creative commons license. The six licenses combine allowances and stop some of these uses to form the different license. A breakdown of these licenses can be seen in the video below. It allows students and lecturers to see in what ways they can use certain works. It also allows authors to easily make their work easy to share and accessible if they desire it. However remember by using this license you signing away your rights to full copyright protection and lessening any financial incentives from the work. Also remember there is a way to put your work into the public domain completely through the CC0 license but this forfeits any copyright protection including attribution.
Literary works: 70 years after authors death.
Film: 70 years after the death of the last of the major creators of the film, which include director, screenplay author, dialog author and music composer.
Computer generated works: 70 years after they were first created and distributed.
You can copy a work :
None of the above should be taken as legal advice. These are just to be used as guides.