Skip to main content

Harvard referencing quick guide: Citing and referencing material

An online guide to referencing and citing using the Harvard style

Book

In-text citation Reference list
(Author Year) Author(s) surname(s), Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of book: subtitle if any. Edition followed by ed. (if not the first edition) Place of publication: Publisher.
   
Examples  
(Dooley 2012) Dooley, D. (2012). Nursing ethics: Irish cases and concerns. 2nd ed. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.
   
(Aldridge and O’Dwyer 2013) Aldridge, P. and O'Dwyer, L. (2013). Practical emergency and critical care veterinary nursing. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.

Edited book

Use when referring to the entire book

In-text citation Reference list
(Editor Year) Editor(s) surname(s), Initial(s)., followed by ed. or eds. (Year of publication). Title of book: subtitle if any. Edition followed by ed. (if not the first edition) Place of publication: Publisher.
   
Example  
(Theaker 2012) Theaker, A., ed. (2012). The public relations handbook. Abingdon: Routledge.

E-book

In-text citation Reference list
(Author Year) Author(s) surname(s), Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of e-book: subtitle if any [online]. Edition followed by ed. (if not the first edition) Place of publication (if any): Publisher. Available from: library database name, or URL if accessed online from somewhere other than a library database [accessed date].
   
Examples  
(Browne 2011) Browne, K. (2011). An introduction to sociology [online]. Cambridge: Polity. Available from: https://books.google.ie/books?isbn=0745650082 [accessed 22 July 2018].
   
(Aldgate 2006) Aldgate, J. (2006). The developing world of the child [online]. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Available from: EBSCOhost  eBook Collection [accessed 20 July 2015].

Need to reference something else?

Check the full Harvard referencing guide for more material types.

Journal article in print

In-text citation Reference list
(Author Year) Author(s) surname(s), Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of journal, volume number(issue/number, or date/month of publication if volume and issue are absent), page number(s).
   
Example  
(Rucki and Rice 2012) Rucki, J.D. and Rice, T. (2012). The individual in musical ethnography. Ethnomusicology, 56(2), pp.299-327.

Journal article online

In-text citation Reference list
(Author Year) Author(s) surname(s), Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of journal [online], volume number(issue/number, or date/month of publication if volume and issue are absent), page numbers (if any). Available from: library database name, or URL if accessed online from somewhere other than a library database [accessed date].
   
Examples  

(Thayer et al. 2007)

Thayer, A., Evans, M., McBride, A., Queen, M. and Spyridakis, J. (2007). Content analysis as a best practice in technical communication research. Journal of Technical Writing and Communication [online], 37(3), pp.267–279. Available from: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.2190 [accessed 8 October 2018].

   
(Gard Marshall 2014) Gard Marshall, J. (2014). Linking research to practice: the rise of evidence-based health sciences librarianship. Journal of the Medical Library Association [online], 102(1), pp.14-21. Available from: Academic Search Complete [accessed 7 May 2015].

Webpage

Material on the Web often falls into one of the material types already covered in this guide. Information published on the Web is not necessarily a webpage. In such cases, follow the instructions for the material type in question (e.g. research report, e-book).

In-text citation Reference list
(Author/Owner Year) Author/Owner of webpage. (Year created or last updated). Title of webpage [online]. Available from: URL [accessed date].
   
Example  
(Dundalk Institute of Technology 2015) Dundalk Institute of Technology. (2015). Graduate research [online]. Available from: http://www.dkit.ie/research/graduate-research [accessed 24 February 2015].

Creative Commons Licence
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.