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Harvard referencing quick guide: Citing and referencing material

An online guide to referencing and citing using the Harvard style

Book

In-text citation Reference list
(Author(s) Year) Author(s) surname(s), Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of book: subtitle if any. Edition followed by ed. (if not the first edition) Place of publication: Publisher.
Examples
(Cameron 2021) Cameron, S. (2021). The business student's handbook: skills for study and employment. 7th ed. Harlow: Pearson.
(Giddens and Sutton 2021) Giddens, A. and Sutton, P.W. (2021). Sociology. 9th ed. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Book reference image

Chapter in an edited book

Use when referring to a single chapter in an edited book.

 

In-text citation Reference list
(Chapter author’s surname Year) Chapter author(s) surname(s), Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In: Book editor(s) surname(s), Initial(s)., followed by ed. or eds. Title of book: subtitle if any. Edition followed by ed. (if not the first edition) Place of publication: Publisher, page number(s) of chapter.
Example
(Bruen 2020) Bruen, M. (2020). River flows. In: Kelly-Quinn, M. and Reynolds, J., eds. Ireland’s rivers. Dublin: University College Dublin Press, pp.39-59.

 

 

Full edited book

Use when referring to the entire book

In-text citation Reference list
(Editor Year) Editor(s) surname(s), Initial(s)., followed by ed. or eds. (Year of publication). Title of book: subtitle if any. Edition followed by ed. (if not the first edition) Place of publication: Publisher.
   
Example  
(Theaker 2012) Theaker, A., ed. (2012). The public relations handbook. Abingdon: Routledge.

Need to reference something else?

Check our full Harvard referencing guide for more material types.

Journal article online

In-text citation Reference list
(Author Year) Author(s) surname(s), Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of journal [online], volume number(issue/number, or date/month of publication if volume and issue are absent), page numbers (if any). Available from: library database name, or URL if accessed online from somewhere other than a library database [accessed date].
Examples

(Tesseur 2022)

Tesseur, W. (2022). Translation as inclusion? An analysis of international NGOs’ translation policy documents. Language Problems and Language Planning [online], 45(3), pp. 261-283. Available from: https://doras.dcu.ie/26151 [accessed 25 March 2022].

(Mayombe 2021) Mayombe, C. (2021). Partnership with stakeholders as innovative model of work-integrated learning for unemployed youths. Higher Education, Skills and Work-Based Learning [online], 12(2), pp.309-327. Available from: Emerald Insight [accessed 25 March 2022].

E-book

In-text citation Reference list
 
(Author Year) Author(s) surname(s), Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of e-book: subtitle if any [online]. Edition followed by ed. (if not the first edition) Place of publication (if any): Publisher. Available from: library database name, or URL if accessed online from somewhere other than a library database [accessed date].
Examples
(Levine and Munsch 2021) Levine, L.E. and Munsch, J. (2021). Child development: an active learning approach [online]. 4th ed. London: SAGE. Available from: https://books.google.ie/books?id=zlrZzQEACAAJ&dq [accessed 25 March 2022].
(Papagiannis 2020) Papagiannis, N. (2020). Effective SEO and content marketing: the ultimate guide for maximizing free web traffic [online]. Indianapolis: Wiley. Available from: EBSCOhost eBook Collection [accessed 25 March 2022].

Webpage

Material on the Web often falls into one of the material types already covered in this guide. Information published on the Web is not necessarily a webpage. In such cases, follow the instructions for the material type in question (e.g. research report, e-book).

In-text citation Reference list
(Author/Owner Year) Author/Owner of webpage. (Year created or last updated). Title of webpage [online]. Available from: URL [accessed date].
Example
(Dundalk Institute of Technology 2022) Dundalk Institute of Technology. (2022). Research support [online]. Available from: https://www.dkit.ie/research/research-support.html [accessed 25 March 2022].