Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Harvard referencing quick guide: Citing and referencing material

An online guide to referencing and citing using the Harvard style

Book

In-text citation Reference list
(Author Year) Author(s) surname(s), Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of book: subtitle if any. Edition followed by ed. (if not the first edition) Place of publication: Publisher.
   
Examples  
(Dooley 2012) Dooley, D. (2012). Nursing ethics: Irish cases and concerns. 2nd ed. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.
   
(Aldridge and O’Dwyer 2013) Aldridge, P. and O'Dwyer, L. (2013). Practical emergency and critical care veterinary nursing. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.

Edited book

Use when referring to the entire book

In-text citation Reference list
(Editor Year) Editor(s) surname(s), Initial(s)., followed by ed. or eds. (Year of publication). Title of book: subtitle if any. Edition followed by ed. (if not the first edition) Place of publication: Publisher.
   
Example  
(Theaker 2012) Theaker, A., ed. (2012). The public relations handbook. Abingdon: Routledge.

E-book

In-text citation Reference list
(Author Year) Author(s) surname(s), Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of e-book: subtitle if any [online]. Edition followed by ed. (if not the first edition) Place of publication (if any): Publisher. Available from: library database name, or URL if accessed online from somewhere other than a library database [accessed date].
   
Examples  
(Browne 2011) Browne, K. (2011). An introduction to sociology [online]. Cambridge: Polity. Available from: https://books.google.ie/books?isbn=0745650082 [accessed 22 July 2018].
   
(Aldgate 2006) Aldgate, J. (2006). The developing world of the child [online]. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Available from: EBSCOhost  eBook Collection [accessed 20 July 2015].

Need to reference something else?

Check the full Harvard referencing guide for more material types.

Journal article in print

In-text citation Reference list
(Author Year) Author(s) surname(s), Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of journal, volume number(issue/number, or date/month of publication if volume and issue are absent), page number(s).
   
Example  
(Rucki and Rice 2012) Rucki, J.D. and Rice, T. (2012). The individual in musical ethnography. Ethnomusicology, 56(2), pp.299-327.

Journal article online

In-text citation Reference list
(Author Year) Author(s) surname(s), Initial(s). (Year of publication). Title of article. Title of journal [online], volume number(issue/number, or date/month of publication if volume and issue are absent), page numbers (if any). Available from: library database name, or URL if accessed online from somewhere other than a library database [accessed date].
   
Examples  

(Thayer et al. 2007)

Thayer, A., Evans, M., McBride, A., Queen, M. and Spyridakis, J. (2007). Content analysis as a best practice in technical communication research. Journal of Technical Writing and Communication [online], 37(3), pp.267–279. Available from: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.2190 [accessed 8 October 2018].

   
(Gard Marshall 2014) Gard Marshall, J. (2014). Linking research to practice: the rise of evidence-based health sciences librarianship. Journal of the Medical Library Association [online], 102(1), pp.14-21. Available from: Academic Search Complete [accessed 7 May 2015].

Webpage

Material on the Web often falls into one of the material types already covered in this guide. Information published on the Web is not necessarily a webpage. In such cases, follow the instructions for the material type in question (e.g. research report, e-book).

In-text citation Reference list
(Author/Owner Year) Author/Owner of webpage. (Year created or last updated). Title of webpage [online]. Available from: URL [accessed date].
   
Example  
(Dundalk Institute of Technology 2015) Dundalk Institute of Technology. (2015). Graduate research [online]. Available from: http://www.dkit.ie/research/graduate-research [accessed 24 February 2015].

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.